French missionaries and trappers arrived in the region in the early 17th century, but development of the area didn’t begin until the mid-1800s. The discovery of iron deposits led to the formation of Jackson Mining Company in 1845. Marquette was established in 1849 and incorporated as a city in 1871.
Sawyer International Airport and MarqTran are among the major components of the local transportation infrastructure. There are also three state highways running through the region. Northern Michigan University, Cliffs Natural Resources, Marquette School System and Marquette General Hospital are major employers in the Upper Peninsula. Breweries are popular locally and include Ore Dock Brewing Company and Blackrocks Brewing. Marquette Area Public Schools is the largest school district in the Upper Peninsula and northern Wisconsin serving more than 3,000 students. With around 10,000 students NMU is the Upper Peninsula’s largest university.
Humid continental weather with four distinct seasons is greatly influenced by Lake Superior. Marquette receives a significant amount of snow due to lake effect and being located in the snowbelt region. Summers are extremely comfortable with days with a high temperature over 90 degrees on averaging three per year.
Presque Isle Park offers 323 acres of mostly forested land along Lake Superior. Sugarloaf Mountain contains a 3,200-foot trail leading to the 470-foot summit above Lake Superior. Tahquamenon Falls State Park is the second largest state park in Michigan sprawling 46,179 acres. South Beach Park and McCarty’s Cove are popular city beaches, while Lakeview Arena features an ice hockey facility. Marquette is also home to the largest wooded dome in the world, the Superior Dome. Art enthusiasts can visit Marquette Harbor Light, DeVos Art Museum and Oasis Gallery for Contemporary Art. Annual events include U.P. 200 Dog Sled Race, Art on the Rocks, Superior Bike Fest, Ore to Shore, Marquette Marathon and OutBack Art Fair.